If don’t find a way to store wind and solar electricity for later use, then directly using these forms of renewable energy is not going to be very efficient. Obviously, one can accomplish this by using energy storage batteries, such as deep cycles (Lead-Acid, Lithium-Ion batteries etc). Remember that batteries can only store direct current (DC) electricity and not alternating current (AC).
This post will demonstrate how to determine the suitable amount of battery bank capacity in Ampere-hours (Ah), based on requirements.
Remember that the capacity of batteries is usually expressed as Ah. If one are not familiar with the manual calculations, may try using the battery bank size calculator to determine the appropriate battery size.
Steps to determine Battery Bank Size
1). Energy Demand
Determine the entire number of loads in watts required to operate immediately or later on the stored energy in the batteries. If it is a home-based system, yearly power use statistics may be obtained simply from the energy metre or electricity bill.
Whether it is based on an RV, mobile home, or boat, must add & calculate the wattage rating of all essential equipment.
2). Number of Autonomy Days
This refers to the number of days that deep cycle batteries may be used without being charged. Instead, the number of days between battery charges (mostly in cloudy weather). Get the most recent information on average sunlight and anticipated overcast days in a certain location from weather forecasting tools or the state meteorological agency.
Remember that extra batteries and other power sources, such as portable generators, will need to be added as the number of autonomous days increases.
3). System’s DC Battery Voltage
This is the battery’s rating for DC voltage. Depending on the system design requirements, may utilise a 24V or 48V system for solar panel installation systems even if the 12V system is more typical.
4). Depth of Discharge
The battery’s charging & recharging (single) cycle, or energy transfer from the battery to the associated load, is known as the DoD (Depth of Discharge). Charge cycles are used to grade FLA (Flooded Lead Acid), Sealed Gel, and AGM Deep Cycle batteries.
DoD is expressed as a percentage (%) of the battery’s overall capacity. Less cycles will be performed the more a battery is discharged. In other words, a deeper drain will reduce the battery’s lifespan.
5). Ambient Temperature
The batteries must operate at a moderate temperature, unlike solar panels. The effectiveness and lifespan of batteries are impacted by temperature variations. The battery life will be shortened by high temperatures, while low temperatures tend to decrease the battery bank’s total capacity.
6). Number of Backup Hours
This is the number of hours each day during which it is necessary to operate the appliances using the stored power from the batteries.
7). Battery Bank Size (Capacity Rating)
Using the following formula, determine how much power the battery can store in ampere-hours (Ah rating).
Battery Capacity in Ah = (Energy Demand in Wh x Autonomy Days x Backup Hours) / (DoD in % x DC Voltage)
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